DR. CARRIE B. KISKER is an education research and policy consultant in Los Angeles, California, and a director of the Center for the Study of Community Colleges (www.centerforcommunitycolleges.org). She engages in relevant and applicable research pertaining to community college policy and practice, and has managed several large projects working to improve community college transfer, coordination, effectiveness, and student success in California and Arizona. Dr. Kisker holds a B.A. in psychology and education from Dartmouth College, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in higher education from the University of California, Los Angeles. She is co-author, with Arthur M. Cohen, of The Shaping of American Higher Education: Emergence and Growth of the Contemporary System (Jossey-Bass, 2nd ed., 2010).